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18 Major Tribes In India hero image

18 Major Tribes In India

India is a land of diverse cultures, traditions, and people. The country has a rich cultural heritage and a history that dates back to ancient times. One of the most fascinating aspects of India's cultural diversity is the presence of a variety of tribes. India has around 705 tribes, and they constitute a significant section of the population. These tribes are spread across different parts of the country and have their distinct culture, language, and traditions. In this blog post, we will take a look at 18 major tribes in India.

Theyyam is a ritual form in Kerala, India. This particular Theyyam is one variation of ‘Pottan Theyyam’, a vivid, lively and colourful ritualistic performance which comes in the traditional art form of Theyyam. It is believed Pottan Theyyam is a manifestation of Shiva. It is a form of resistance, symbolizing goodness that would wipe out the social evils in the community. The Theyyam re-enacts in ritualistic expressions the life of those personalities who had laid down their life for a social cause and is interpreted as a spiritual satire that is characteristic of the Theyyam’s personality.
Photo by Manyu Varma / Unsplash
  1. Bodo: The Bodo tribe is one of the largest tribes in India and is mainly found in the Northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh. They have their language and a unique culture.
  2. Santhal: The Santhal tribe is the largest tribe in India, and they are mainly found in the states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Bihar. They are known for their dance, music, and art.
  3. Gond: The Gond tribe is mainly found in the central part of India, including Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh. They are known for their colorful tattoos and intricate art.
  4. Munda: The Munda tribe is mainly found in Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. They have their unique language and culture and are known for their musical instruments and dance.
  5. Khasi: The Khasi tribe is mainly found in Meghalaya and is known for their intricate bamboo and cane work. They are also famous for their traditional dress and musical instruments.
  6. Bhil: The Bhil tribe is mainly found in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan. They are known for their colorful dress, jewelry, and handicrafts.
  7. Kuki: The Kuki tribe is mainly found in Manipur and Nagaland and is known for their traditional dress and handicrafts.
  8. Naga: The Naga tribe is mainly found in Nagaland and is known for their warrior culture, traditional dress, and art.
  9. Angami: The Angami tribe is a sub-tribe of the Naga tribe and is mainly found in Nagaland. They are known for their intricate weaving and pottery.
  10. Garo: The Garo tribe is mainly found in Meghalaya and is known for their colorful dress, music, and dance.
  11. Kachari: The Kachari tribe is mainly found in Assam and is known for their handicrafts, musical instruments, and dance.
  12. Hmar: The Hmar tribe is mainly found in Manipur and Mizoram and is known for their colorful dress, musical instruments, and dance.
  13. Oraon: The Oraon tribe is mainly found in Jharkhand and is known for their agriculture and handicrafts.
  14. Mishing: The Mishing tribe is mainly found in Assam and is known for their colorful dress, handicrafts, and musical instruments.
  15. Meitei: The Meitei tribe is mainly found in Manipur and is known for their unique dance form called Manipuri dance.
  16. Lepcha: The Lepcha tribe is mainly found in Sikkim and is known for their intricate handicrafts and music.
  17. Tripuri: The Tripuri tribe is mainly found in Tripura and is known for their colorful dress, handicrafts, and traditional music.
  18. Chakma: The Chakma tribe is mainly found in Tripura and is known for their intricate weaving and handicrafts.
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